Ernst & Young has just produced its latest quarterly Mergers and Acquisitions analysis for the mining sector.
This shows that there were around 112 deals in the sector during Q2 this year totaling US$9.5b.
Deal volume was down 21% on the previous quarter and down 41% on the same quarter in 2013.
Total deal value was up 33% on the previous quarter, primarily due to the US$3.6 billion acquisition of Osisko Mining Corp by Yamana Gold and Agnico Eagle.
Similarly, H1 comparisons show total deal values down 69% year-on-year to US$16.7 billion from US$53.8 billion in H1 2013, the fourth consecutive year of decline
Commenting on the latest analysis, EY’s Global Mining and Metals Transactions Leader, Lee Downham, said "deal making in the sector continues to be cautious, partly due to the continuing commitment to capital discipline, but also due to a lack of urgency over investment given the lack of competition for assets.
One standout deals and hostile bids during Q2, combined with a strong deal pipeline and substantial capital waiting to be deployed by mining-focused funds, suggest that momentum is building. For those brave enough to invest against the cycle there would appear to be good buy-side opportunities.”
Major diversifieds, and some major mining companies in the gold space too, have been under pressure to consider divestment as a way of reducing debt, maximizing returns on capital and optimizing their portfolios; however, perhaps stronger balance sheets as a result of other capital and cost controls have perhaps taken the urgency out of these deals.
On this, Downham comments:“We do however think divestment of non-core assets from the majors will pick up pace in the next six months. While these assets may not be strategic to the divesting companies, they are typically high-quality assets and will likely attract strong competition, particularly from private capital buyers.”
However acquisitions by financial investors have been significant in this area accounting for 20% of all mining and metals deal volumes globally in 1H 2014.
There are also big potential players on the sidelines like Mick Davis’ X2 Resources which apparently has a war chest of some US$3.75 billion to be used to start in setting up ‘another Xstrata’, a company which he is largely credited with having built into one of the world’s largest diversified miners prior to its merger with Glencore.
This is probably not enough for Davis to realize his ambitions, even in the current markets but it is believed he may have possible access to further funding of around twice that level.
Downham reckons though, that this “much anticipated influx of substantial capital from new mining-focused private funds is taking longer than expected to hit the market. This is partly driven by the complex nature of executing an investment – which takes time regardless of size – but also the lack of competition in the market for deals, with investors happy to wait for clear signs that we are at the bottom of the market before making billion dollar-plus commitments.”
EY estimates that in this area the mining-focused private capital funds like X2 and others may have access to a war chest of at least US$10 billion and possibly as high as US$20 billion.
EY also reckons that some of the fall in capital raising is due to a divergence of fortunes between the ‘haves’ and ‘have nots’ That is between the bigger mining companies which may have access to decent cashflow and thus are more readily able to raise money, and the junior miners and explorers who are, for the most part, suffering near rock bottom stock prices and market capitalisations which make it extremely difficult for them to raise any kind of money for acquisitions.
But even the bigger companies have been under pressure not only to reduce costs but also reduce debt so they are perhaps less willing to enter the capital markets as well. But, Downham notes, competition between lenders for major deal opportunities, coupled with effectively zero to negative interest rates has, in any case, enabled many big debtor companies to reduce borrowing costs further and refinance sometimes at more favourable rates. But this still suggests that less money is available for major M&A deals by the bigger miners and perhaps that is why private equity seems to be playing an ever bigger role in mine financing and acquisition.